Caserta's Duomo (cathedral) was severely damaged by bombing in 1943, but a massive restoration project faithfully re-created it according to the original plan. The church dated from A.D. 856, with additions from 1120. The 11th-century atrium, built with columns and Corinthian capitals from the 3rd century A.D., and the Duomo's 9th-century bell tower, supported at its base by four ancient Corinthian columns, are original. Among the medieval sculptures decorating the bell tower, you can admire three Roman bas-reliefs from the amphitheater in Santa Maria Capua Vetere.
Inside the church, a large range of artwork dates from the 12th century to the present. We love the splendid, lavishly decorated 13th-century ceremonial candleholder and the two columns supported by carved lions on the modern pulpit -- all that remain of the original 13th-century ambo. Other parts of the original ambo, including some mosaics, were used to decorate the small chapel in the crypt under the presbytery. In the Cappella del Sacramento, at the end of the right-hand-side nave, is a beautiful altar made of marble and precious stones, while in the presbytery behind the altar, you'll find the Assunta painted by Francesco Solimena. We also recommend a visit to the Museo Diocesano (tel. 0823-961081; admission 3€; daily 9:30am-1pm and 3:30-7pm), housing the church's treasure inside the Cappella del Corpo di Cristo, adjacent to the cathedral. Among the objects on exhibit is a collection of Islamic carved crystal dating from the 11th and 12th centuries.