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Galileo's battered desk and podium, from which he taught from 1592 to 1610, are still on display in Italy's second-oldest university (after Bologna). His name joins a legendary honor roll of students and professors -- Petrarch, Dante, the poet Tasso, and Copernicus -- who came here from all over Europe. The University of Padua was founded in 1222 and grew to become one of the most famous and ambitious learning centers in Europe, reaching its zenith in the 16th and 17th centuries. Today a number of buildings are spread about town, but the Palazzo del Bo (named after the "Bo," or Ox, Inn -- a favorite student hangout that stood on this spot in the 15th c.) is the university's main seat. The perfectly preserved Teatro Anatomico, where professors did autopsies on cadavers, gives a vivid picture of how students learned the intricacies of the human body centuries ago. Built in 1594, it was here that William Harvey most probably developed his theory of the circulation of blood while earning his degree in 1602.