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This sprawling rocky hilltop complex is the cradle of the Bohemian state. From this spot, legend has it, Princess Libuse looked out over the Vltava valley toward present-day Prague Castle and predicted the founding of a great kingdom and capital city. Ancient Vysehrad castle, still standing, was the first seat of the first Czech kings in the Premyslid dynasty before the dawn of the 10th century.

This was also the first Royal Route. Before the kings could take their seat at the more modern Prague Castle, they first had to pay homage to their predecessors at Vysehrad and then follow the route to Hradcany for the coronation.

Today, the fortifications remain on the rocky cliffs, blocking out the increasing noise and confusion below. Within the confines of the citadel, lush lawns and gardens are crisscrossed by dozens of paths leading to historic buildings and cemeteries. Vysehrad is still somewhat of a hidden treasure for picnics and romantic walks, and from here you'll see one of the most panoramic views of the city.

Vysehrad Cemetery (Vysehradský hrbitov)is the national cemetery within the ancient citadel on the east side of the Vltava. It's the final resting place of some 600 honored Czechs, including composers Antonín Dvorák and Bedrich Smetana and Art Nouveau painter Alfons Mucha. The complex of churches and gardens is a pleasant getaway from the city crush. The cemetery is on Sobeslavova 1, Prague 2 (tel. 241-410-348; www.praha-vysehrad.cz). To get here, take tram no. 3 or 16 from Karlovo námestí to Výton south of New Town or take Metro line A (green) to Vysehrad station and walk about 15 minutes.