The largest island, 48km (30 miles), Mainland, is home to about 90% of the population. The island has dark coniferous woodland, much farmland and pastureland, fishing ports, and rocky fjords. The mainland is also known for its old fortresses and 11 medieval churches, the oldest dating from the 12th to the 15th century.

The second-largest settlement, Eckerö, is the westernmost municipality in Finland. It was once a stop on the mail route between Sweden and Imperial Russia.

Other major islands of interest include:


Kumlinge: This has a 15th-century church and is served by a ferry line from Långnäs; the crossing takes 2 hours.

Vårdö: This is the closest settlement to the Åland mainland, only 5 minutes away. The southern part of the island is lush vegetation.

Brändö: The ferryboat from Långnäs (the same one that serves Kumlinge) also goes to this island, a municipality of some 1,000 islands. The largest of these islands are connected by causeways and bridges.

Föglö: Some 600 residents live on these clusters of islands, some of which are linked by bridges and causeways. Föglö, the largest of the island municipalities, is about 30 minutes from the Åland mainland.


Sottunga: From Långnäs, there's a 1 1/2-hour ferry trip to Sottunga. Once here, you'll find only 150 residents in what's the smallest municipality in the Ålands.

Kökar: A rather bleak landscape. The remains of a 2,500-year-old Bronze Age community have been found at Karlby. Kökar is reached on a 2 1/2-hour ferry crossing from Långnäs.

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.