By Plane

From North America -- Flights from the U.S. East Coast to Spain take 6 to 7 hours. Spain's national carrier, Iberia Airlines (tel. 800/772-4642; www.iberia.com), has more routes into and within Spain than any other airline. It offers daily nonstop service to Madrid from New York, Chicago, Miami, and San Juan. Also available are attractive rates on fly/drive packages within Iberia and Europe.

A good money-saver to consider is Iberia's Europass. Available only to passengers who simultaneously arrange for a transatlantic flight on Iberia and a minimum of two additional flights, it allows passage on any flight within Iberia's European or Mediterranean dominion for $139 to $169 per person one-way for each additional flight. This is especially attractive for passengers wishing to combine trips to Spain with, for example, visits to such far-flung destinations as Cairo, Tel Aviv, Istanbul, Moscow, and Munich. The Europass can be purchased as a part of an Iberian Air itinerary from your home country only.

Iberia's main Spain-based competitor is Air Europa (tel. 888/238-7672; www.aireuropa.com), which offers nonstop service from Newark Airport to Madrid, with continuing service to major cities within Spain. Fares are usually lower than Iberia's.

American Airlines (tel. 800/433-7300; www.aa.com) offers daily nonstop service to Madrid from its massive hub in Miami.

Delta (tel. 800/241-4141; www.delta.com) runs daily nonstop service from Atlanta and New York (JFK) to both Madrid and Barcelona. Delta's Dream Vacation department has independent fly/drive packages, land packages, and escorted bus tours.

Continental Airlines (tel. 800/525-0280; www.continental.com) offers daily nonstop flights, depending on the season, to Madrid from Newark, New Jersey.

America West/US Airways (tel. 800/428-4322; www.usairways.com) has connecting flights to Philadelphia from more than 50 cities throughout the United States, Canada, and the Bahamas.

From the U.K. -- British Airways (BA; tel. 0870/850-9850) and Iberia (tel. 0870/609-0500 in London; www.iberia.com) are the two major carriers flying between England and Spain. More than a dozen daily flights, on either BA or Iberia, depart from Heathrow and Gatwick airports. The Midlands is served by flights from Manchester and Birmingham, two major airports that can also be used by Scottish travelers flying to Spain. There are about seven flights a day from London to Madrid and back and at least six to Barcelona (trip time: 2-2 1/2 hr.), where you can tap into Iberia's domestic network, flying, for example, to Seville or the Costa del Sol. The best air deals on scheduled flights from England are those requiring a Saturday night stopover.

Good sources of "slashed" charter fares serving regional airports are Time Out, the Evening Standard, and the Sunday editions of most papers. Figure on saving approximately 10% to 15% on regularly scheduled flight tickets. But check carefully into the restrictions and terms; read the fine print, especially in regard to cancellation penalties. One recommended company is Trailfinders (tel. 0845/058-5858 in London; www.trailfinder.com).

In London, there are many bucket shops around Victoria Station and Earls Court that offer cheap fares. Make sure the company you deal with is a member of the IATA, ABTA, or ATOL.

CEEFAX, the British television information service, runs details of package holidays and flights to Europe and beyond.

From Australia -- From Australia, there are a number of options to fly to Spain. The most popular is Qantas/British Airways (tel. 612/13-13-13), which flies daily via Asia and London. Other popular and cheaper options are Qantas/Lufthansa via Asia and Frankfurt, Qantas/Air France via Asia and Paris, and Alitalia via Bangkok and Rome. The most direct option is on Singapore Airlines, with just one stop in Singapore. Alternatively, there are flights on Thai Airways via Bangkok and Rome.

Flying to Andalusia -- The major air gateways into Andalusia are Seville (the best gateway to the inland cities of Andalusia), Málaga (the principal gateway to beach resorts along the Costa del Sol), Granada, and Jerez de la Frontera.

Seville is connected by direct flights to the Continent from Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, London, and Paris. But most visitors wing in from either Madrid (45 min.) or Barcelona (55 min.). There are at least six flights a day flying to Seville from either Barcelona or Madrid.

If Granada is your gateway to Andalusia, there are three flights per day from Barcelona (1 hr.) and four per day from Madrid (30 min.).

Most passengers fly to Seville and then journey to Jerez de la Frontera on a day trip either by car or train. However, Iberia has several flights a day to Madrid and Barcelona, the frequency depending on the time of the year.

For Costa del Sol visitors, Málaga is an international hub for flights, receiving planes from such destinations as London. Or else you can fly on one of eight flights daily from Madrid (1 hr.) or on one of three flights from Barcelona (1 1/2 hr.). There are also regular flights from many other Spanish cities such as Valencia.

By Train

If you're already in Europe, you might want to go to Spain by train, especially if you have a Eurailpass. Even without a pass, the cost of a train ticket is relatively moderate. Rail passengers who visit from Britain or France should make sleeper reservations as far in advance as possible, especially in summer.

Since Spain's rail tracks are of a wider gauge than those used for French trains (except for the TALGO and Trans-Europe-Express trains), you'll probably have to change trains at the border unless you're on an express train . For long journeys on Spanish rails, seat and sleeper reservations are mandatory.

The most comfortable and the fastest trains in Spain are the TER, TALGO, and Electrotren. However, you pay a supplement to ride on these fast trains. Both first- and second-class fares are sold on Spanish trains. Tickets can be purchased in the United States or Canada at the nearest office of Rail Europe or from any reputable travel agent. Confirmation of your reservation takes about a week.

If you want your car carried aboard the train, you must travel Auto-Expreso in Spain. This type of auto transport can be booked only through travel agents or rail offices once you arrive in Europe.

To go from London to Spain by rail, you'll need to change not only the train but also the rail terminus in Paris. In Paris it's worth the extra bucks to purchase a TALGO express or a "Puerta del Sol" express -- to avoid changing trains once again at the Spanish border. Trip time from London to Paris is about 6 hours; from Paris to Madrid, about 15 hours or so, which includes 2 hours spent in Paris just changing trains and stations. Many different rail passes are available in the United Kingdom for travel in Europe, including Spain.

Once you arrive in such rail hubs as Madrid or Barcelona, you will find easy rail connections to the major cities of Andalusia, such as Seville or Málaga.

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.