A thriving Jewish community existed in Bologna throughout the Middle Ages, until the Pope forced Jews into the Ghetto in 1555 and expelled them from the city in 1593. The museum movingly re-tells that story, but also ventures into the future, covering the history of the Jewish people until the creation of the nation of Israel in 1948. Exhibits cover treatment of the Jews during the Napoleonic period, as well as the tragic tale of what happened to Italian Jews during World War II. The museum is quite well-curated; the admission cost includes use of a pair of headphones, which give audio commentary in both Italian and English.