This museum is relatively compact, but it manages to present a full picture of the fascinating world of diamonds, from early discoveries in 4th-century India through to modern-day processes for mining, cutting, polishing, and setting the precious stones. It also covers the story of Bruges in the 14th and 15th centuries, when the immensely rich Duke of Burgundy's desire for fine jewelry helped turn Bruges into the leader of the diamond trade. After cities like Antwerp and Amsterdam took over and new trade routes arose, Bruges began its long decline. For a real glimpse into diamond-craft, time your visit to see the cutting demonstration, help daily during the high season at 12:15pm and 3:15pm. At the end, pop into the related shop to check out the jewelry on sale.