Set on the grounds of the park of Tervuren, this museum occupies a palatial building designed by King Leopold II (1835-1909) specifically to house the booty and baggage from his imperial conquests in the Congo. It includes African masks, dwellings, canoes, costumes, and maps and mementoes of the Stanley and Livingstone expeditions, the most important ethnographical relics of a then-stone age civilization. The museum was recently renovated to present a more contemporary decolonized vision of Africa, with a new underground gallery that aims to put the collection into context and additional galleries that showcase African artists working today. Among them is Congolese artist Aimé Mpané whose large chiseled-wood sculpture of an African man in profile takes center stage in the building’s Great Rotunda.