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One of America’s finest examples of Neoclassical architecture, this red-brick mansion was built in 1808 for Nathaniel Russell, one of Charleston’s richest merchants. The interior contains an astounding elliptical staircase, spiraling unsupported for three floors, and opulent period furnishings, especially the music room with its golden harp and Neoclassical-style sofa. The excellent guided tours provide context not only about the Russell family, but also the enslaved African Americans responsible for maintaining their luxury lifestyle. The original kitchen house contains artifacts such as pottery shards, beads, and part of a slave tag, dug up from around the house.