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From Colorado Springs, the breathtaking Royal Gorge and Royal Gorge Bridge and Park and the historic town of Cañon City make an easy day trip. The Royal Gorge, one of the most impressive natural attractions in the state, lies 8 miles west of Cañon City off U.S. 50, at the head of the Arkansas River valley. From the Springs, head southwest on Colo. 115 for about 33 miles, turn west for about 12 miles on U.S. 50 to Cañon City (about 45 miles altogether), and then go south to the Royal Gorge.

This narrow canyon, 1,053 feet deep, was cut through solid granite by 3 million years of water and wind erosion. When Zebulon Pike saw the gorge in 1806, he predicted that man would never conquer it. But by 1877 the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad had laid a route through the canyon, and it soon became a major tourist attraction.

The gorge is spanned by what is said to be the world’s highest suspension bridge and an aerial tramway, built for no other reason than to thrill tourists. The 1/4-mile-long bridge was constructed in 1929, suspended from two 300-ton cables, and reinforced in 1983. An incline railway, believed to be the world’s steepest, was completed in 1931; it plunges from the rim of the gorge 1,550 feet to the floor at a 45-degree angle, giving passengers the view from the bottom as well as from the top. The 35-passenger tram, added in 1968, provides views of the gorge and the bridge from a height of 1,178 feet above the Arkansas River.

Owned by Cañon City, Royal Gorge Bridge and Park also holds a 260-seat multimedia theater (where visitors can see a video presentation on the area’s history and construction of the bridge), miniature railway, trolley, old-fashioned carousel, various thrill rides and children’s attractions, restaurants, gift shops, a petting zoo with free burro rides, and herds of tame mule deer. Live entertainment and a variety of special events take place throughout the year.

The bridge is open year-round, daily from 7 or 8am to dusk; the rest of the park is open daily late April through October from 10am until 5 to 7pm and daily 10am to 4pm the rest of the year. Admission -- $25 for adults, $21 for seniors, $19 for children 4 to 11, free for children 3 and under -- includes crossing the bridge and all other park rides and attractions. For information, contact Royal Gorge Bridge & Park, P.O. Box 549, Cañon City, CO 81215 (tel. 888/333-5597 or 719/275-7507; www.royalgorgebridge.com).

An interesting way to view the canyon is from the Royal Gorge Route Railroad, 401 Water St. (south of U.S. 50 on 3rd St.), Cañon City, CO 81212 (tel. 888/724-5748 or 303/569-1000; www.royalgorgeroute.com). The train takes passengers on a 2-hour, 24-mile trip through the canyon. From early May to early October, the train departs daily at 9:30am and 12:30pm; there are also 3:30pm departures in summer and 7pm dinner rides on select evenings. Coach tickets cost $33 for adults, $22 for children 3 to 12, and are free for children 2 and under who sit on a guardian’s lap. Reservations are recommended. Observation-dome tickets are $25 more and dinner rides are $79 a person ($109 in the observation dome).

To see this beautiful gorge from the river while also enjoying some thrills, consider a raft trip. Rates for adults run about $80 to $125 for a full-day trip, including lunch; a half-day trip is about $50 to $65. Most Royal Gorge raft trips include rough white-water stretches of the river; those preferring calmer sections should inquire with local rafting companies. Major outfitters include Arkansas River Tours (tel. 800/321-4352 or 719/942-4362; www.arkansasrivertours.com), Echo Canyon River Expeditions (tel. 800/755-3246; www.raftecho.com), and Wilderness Aware Rafting (tel. 800/462-7238 or 719/395-2112; www.inaraft.com). See also “River Rafting,” under "Active Pursuits".

Other Area Attractions

Cañon City was a popular film setting during the industry’s early days, and it was a special favorite of silent screen actor Tom Mix, who reputedly worked as a cowboy in the area before becoming a film star. The drowning death of a prominent actress temporarily discouraged film companies from coming here, but the area’s beautiful scenery and Old West heritage lured the industry back in the late 1950s, helped along by the creation of Buckskin Joe, a Western theme park and movie set where dozens of films have been shot, including How the West Was Won, True Grit, and Cat Ballou.

Although movies are rarely shot here nowadays, Buckskin Joe Frontier Town & Railway (tel. 719/275-5149; www.buckskinjoe.com), about 8 miles west of Cañon City on U.S. 50, remains a popular tourist attraction. The authentic-looking Old West town was created from genuine 19th-century buildings relocated from across the state. Visitors can watch gunfights, pan for gold, see a magic show, ride horseback (or in a horse-drawn trolley), and wander through a Western maze. The Scenic Railway (tel. 719/275-5485) offers a 30-minute trip through rugged Royal Gorge country, where you’re likely to see deer and other wildlife, to the rim of the Royal Gorge for a panoramic view of the canyon and bridge.

Frontier Town is open May through September and mid-October to Halloween as a dark attraction. Hours are 10am to 5pm daily in May, 9:30am to 6pm daily from June to August, and 10am to 5pm Thursday to Monday in September. The railway runs from March to December. Hours from mid-June to August are 9am to 7pm; it closes at 5pm at the beginning and end of the season. Combination admission tickets, which include the Scenic Railway, a horse-drawn trolley, and all the Frontier Town attractions and entertainment, are $20 for adults, $18 for children 4 to 11, and free for children 3 and under. Tickets for the railway are only $12 for adults and $11 for children; tickets for Frontier Town only are $15 for adults and $14 for children. Expect to spend 2 to 4 hours here.

Other Cañon City attractions include the Museum of Colorado Prisons, 201 N. 1st St. (tel. 719/269-3015; www.prisonmuseum.org), especially interesting for those with an appreciation of the macabre. Housed in the state’s former women’s prison, just outside the walls of the original territorial prison that opened in 1871, it contains an actual gas chamber, historical photos of life behind bars, weapons confiscated from inmates, the last hangman’s noose used legally in the state, a simulation of a lethal-injection system and of the “Old Gray Mare” (a cruel apparatus used to punish misbehaving prisoners), and other artifacts and exhibits. There’s also a gift shop selling arts and crafts made by inmates at a medium-security prison next door. The museum is open mid-May through Labor Day daily from 8:30am to 6pm; Labor Day through October 10am to 5pm daily; and the rest of the year Wednesday to Sunday 10am to 5pm. Admission is $7 for adults, $6 for seniors 65 and older, $5 for children 6 to 12, and free for children 5 and under. Allow about an hour.

Those interested in Colorado history might also enjoy stopping at the Royal Gorge Regional Museum and History Center, 612 Royal Gorge Blvd. (tel. 719/260-9036), which holds displays of American-Indian artifacts, guns, gems, minerals, wild-game trophies, historical photos, old dolls, pioneer household items, and other memorabilia. These are pretty much the kinds of things you'll find in most small-town museums in the American West, but what sets this museum apart somewhat are several renovated and authentically furnished buildings out back. Here is the 1860 log cabin built by Anson Rudd, local blacksmith and first warden of the Colorado Territorial Prison. The museum is typically open from 10am to 4pm Monday through Saturday. It’s closed December 24 plus all state and federal holidays. Admission is free. Allow a half-hour.

Another local attraction, especially fascinating for young would-be dinosaur hunters, is Dinosaur Depot, 330 Royal Gorge Blvd. (tel. 800/987-6379 or 719/269-7150; www.dinosaurdepot.com). The depot's main claim to fame is the dinosaur lab, where paleontologists are working to remove various dinosaur fossils from the rock that has encased them for the past 150 million years. There are also several interpretive exhibits, including fossilized bones that visitors can hold, a fossilized tree, a children's Discovery Room with plenty of hands-on exhibits, and a gift shop. Dinosaur Depot also sells brochures for self-guided tours of the internationally renowned Garden Park Fossil Area just north of town, which is the source of many of the museum’s exhibits, and to see some 90-million-year-old dinosaur tracks nearby. The museum is open daily from 9am to 5pm late May to mid-August, shorter hours the rest of the year. Admission is $4 for adults, $2 for children 4 to 12, and free for children 3 and under. Allow 45 minutes at Dinosaur Depot, and another 1 to 2 hours at Garden Park Fossil Area.

Where to Stay & Dine

Cañon City has several midprice lodging options, including the Arkansas River Inn, 1925 Fremont Dr., Cañon City, CO 81212 (tel. 719/275-3377), with double rates ranging from $69 to $139 in summer. Another good option is Jewel of the Canyons B&B, 429 Greenwood Ave., Cañon City, CO 81212 (tel. 866/875-0378 or 719/275-0378; www.jewelofthecanyons.com), a nicely restored Queen Anne Victorian. Double rooms are $99 to $119, with full breakfast included.

Merlino’s Belvedere, 1330 Elm Ave. (tel. 719/275-5558; www.belvedererestaurant.com), is my pick for a meal, specializing in gourmet Italian cuisine, steaks, and seafood at lunch and dinner daily. Most dinner main courses run $15 to $25.

For more information on where to stay and eat and a walking tour of historic downtown Cañon City, as well as details on scenic drives and other attractions, contact the Cañon City Chamber of Commerce, 403 Royal Gorge Blvd., Cañon City, CO 81212 (tel. 800/876-7922 or 719/275-2331; www.canoncitychamber.com).

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.