Perhaps the most famous work of literature that hails from El Salvador is La Diáspora (Clasicos Roxsil), an award-winning novel by one of El Salvador's leading contemporary writers, Horacio Castellanos Moya. It chronicles the struggles of exiles from El Salvador's civil war.


Arguably, El Salvador's most heralded film is the 2004 film Voces Inocentes, which tells the story of the El Salvadoran civil war through the eyes of an 11-year-old child and is based on the childhood of El Salvadoran filmmaker Oscar Torres, who fled El Salvador for the United States in the midst of the war.



Native indigenous music in El Salvador, using instruments like the marimba, flute, and drums, was repressed in the early 20th century, but has miraculously survived and can be heard today through performers such as Paquito Palaviccini. El Salvador also has its very own take on Colombian cumbia, and the country dances to popular musical forms such as salsa, reggaeton, and hip-hop. There is even a form of hybrid El Salvadoran rock called guanarock.

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