In an 18th-century town house named after the Fleuriau family who lived there from 1772 to 1974, this is one of La Rochelle’s most intriguing museums. It’s rich with evidence of the city’s prominent role in the colonization of Canada, as La Rochelle was the primary port in France for voyages to New France (as Québec was known). Exhibits start with LaSalle’s discovery of the Mississippi Delta in 1682 and end with the settling of the Louisiana territory. Other exhibits depict French settlements in the West Indies, including Guadeloupe and Martinique. The museum examines the vast cane sugar and tobacco cultivations they ran, as well as the slavery that fueled them. You’ll find other examples of the link between La Rochelle and Canada around the city, with many set out along the walking path “Les Chemins du Québec” (map available in the tourist office).