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Few places on earth have a history as complex and varied as Peru. To properly showcase that history a seriously large space was needed, so in 1990 the government installed one of the country's most important museums in what was originally the Ministry of Fisheries. The hulking, brutalist structure has six levels of artifacts that date as far back as 7600 B.C. Some of the most important pieces of Peruvian history can be found here, like the famed Lanzón de Chavín (a carved stone statue from the central highlands), and a recreation of the burial chamber of the Lord of Sipán. New on the sixth floor is "Yuyanapaq," a deeply moving exhibition created by Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission that outlines the country's two decades of internal conflict. You'll spend 1–2 hrs. here at most.