By Car

From Sydney, the Pacific Highway heads along the north coast into Queensland, and the Princes Highway hugs the south coast and runs into Victoria. The Sydney-Newcastle Freeway connects Sydney with its industrial neighbor and the vineyards of the Hunter Valley. The Great Western Highway and the M4 motorway head west to the Blue Mountains. The M5 motorway, Hume Highway, is the quickest way to get to Melbourne.

The state's automobile association, the National Roads and Motorists' Association (NRMA), has a pretty good online distance calculator and route planner at

By Train

Countrylink (tel. 13 22 32 in Australia; trains travel to most places of interest in the state and as far south as Melbourne in Victoria and across the border into southern Queensland. Countrylink also has special rates for car rentals.

By Plane

Qantas (tel. 13 13 13 in Australia; flies to most major cities and towns in the state; Virgin Blue (tel. 13 67 89 in Australia; also flies to most major Australian destinations, as well as from Sydney to Newcastle, Ballina (near Byron Bay), Port Macquarie, Coffs Harbour, and Albury. Virgin Blue's main rival, the Qantas offshoot Jetstar (tel. 13 15 38 in Australia; also flies around Australia. Meanwhile, Regional Express (tel. 13 17 13 in Australia; flies to several destinations in NSW, including to the north and south coasts and to Broken Hill.

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.