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1609 The Englishman Henry Hudson first sails the Hudson River.

1626 The Dutch purchase Manhattan Island from Native Americans.

1677 First grape vines planted by French Huguenot immigrants, predating California by 100 years (Brotherhood Winery, established in 1837, is the nation's oldest continuously operated winery).

1785 New York becomes the new nation's capitol for five years.

1830 Joseph Smith founds the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints (today's Mormon Church).

1839 Baseball is invented by Abner Doubleday in Cooperstown.

1847 Frederick Douglass publishes the abolitionist paper The North Star.

1848 The first Women's Rights Convention is held in Seneca Falls.

1858 Frederick Law Olmstead designs Central Park.

1885 Niagara Reservation, the first state park in the U.S., is established.

1886 The Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, is dedicated in New York harbor.

1888 George Eastman invents a simple modern box camera; the Kodak camera is introduced in Rochester.

1892 Adirondack Park (the largest state park in the U.S.) and Catskill Forest Preserves are declared "forever wild" by amendment to the New York State Constitution (the first state conservation declaration in the U.S.).

1901 New York Governor Theodore Roosevelt becomes the 26th president.

1909 The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) founded in New York City.

1929 The New York Stock Exchange crashes, marking the beginning of the Great Depression.

1932 Native New Yorker Franklin D. Roosevelt elected president.

1952 United Nations Headquarters opens in New York City.

1958 New York's beloved Brooklyn Dodgers move west to Los Angeles.

1969 The Stonewall Riots in Greenwich Village galvanize the gay rights movement.

1969 Generation-defining Woodstock Festival is held in Bethel, in the Catskill Mountain Region (but not in Woodstock, as most assume).

2001 Both towers of the World Trade Center collapse after a terrorist attack on September 11; nearly 3,000 are killed.

2008 Governor Eliot Spitzer resigns after he is busted by the FBI for soliciting a prostitute.

2008 Major New York-based financial institutions, including Lehman Brothers, fail, prompting a federal bailout of insurer AIG and Wall Street banks; Bernie Madoff, former chairman of NASDAQ, arrested for swindling investors out of $50 billion in a Ponzi scheme.

2009 New York celebrates the 400th anniversary of Henry Hudson's sailing of the Hudson River.

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.