Surrounded by pools and a garden, this handsome museum is devoted to Marc Chagall’s treatment of biblical themes. Born in Russia in 1887, Chagall became a French citizen in 1937 and painted with astonishing light and color until his death in St-Paul-de-Vence in 1985. This museum’s focal set of artworks—12 large paintings, illustrating the first two books of the Old Testament—was originally created to adorn the central cathedral in Vence. The church’s high humidity nixed the artist’s original plans, and Chagall assisted in planning this purpose-built space instead. Big-hitting temporary exhibitions include The Weightless World of Marc Chagall in 2018, which highlighted the flying figures within the topsy-turvy universe of the artist’s mind.