The largest and most opulent home in Portland is perched on a 1,000-foot-high crest adjoining Forest Park, looking east over the city, the river, and the major peaks of the Cascade Mountains. This is one of the great views in Portland and worth a stop even if you don’t visit the mansion. Built for Henry Pittock (1835–1919), who came west on the Oregon Trail in 1853 and eventually amassed a fortune as the publisher of The Oregonian newspaper, the mansion was designed by San Francisco architect Edward T. Foulkes and completed in 1914. Stylistically, the structure is a French Renaissance Revival chateau with exterior walls of Italian Tenino sandstone. Visitors can wander through on their own but we recommend a guided tour which covers the mansion’s history and details of its design (which include Portland’s earliest vacuum-cleaning system and walk-in refrigerator). The fine period furnishings and rugs are not original to the house but amply convey the luxurious lifestyle of the prominent Portland family that lived here. Nearly one-third of the mansion is taken up by a magnificent marble staircase and hallway constructed of Italian and domestic marbles. The Jacobean-style library, paneled with Honduran mahogany, has a quatrefoil design plaster ceiling and a fireplace of French Caen stone. The elliptical drawing room, with its elaborate plaster moldings and cornices, commands a 180-degree vista of the city and Mount Hood. Superlative plasterwork and marquetry floors are found in the small, circular Turkish smoking room. On the second floor, a four-room master suite used by Pittock and his wife, Georgiana, is flanked by two smaller suites once occupied by the couple’s daughters and their husbands. Trailheads into Forest Park are found at the west end of the parking lot and beyond Gate Lodge, the former groundskeeper’s house.