In a city of winding alleys and passageways, this imposing "New Residence" isn't all that new. It was built at the end of the 16th century for the archbishops of Salzburg, who were some of the richest people in the Holy Roman Empire. Wolf Dietrich, Prince-Bishop of Salzburg from 1587 to 1612, wanted this palace to house the "overflow" from his primary abode on Residenzplatz. This museum has only been open to visitors since 2007, but its valuable art objects, inspired presentation of content, and multi-media installations have earned it numerous prizes. Much of the museum is based on Salzburg's history, which has been quite colorful, as the region changed hands and nations a number of times over the past four centuries. The tower contains Salzburg's famous 35-bell glockenspiel. Archeological finds are also among the highlights—especially Roman ruins with painting still intact and everyday artifacts of a Roman dwelling two millennia old. The third floor is dedicated to the myths surrounding the city, and the changing exhibits on the ground and second floors always have some connection to Salzburg's history. The centennial of the start of WWI was marked with the special exhibit "War, Trauma, Art: Salzburg during World War One." Culture vultures will not want to miss this fascinating peek into a tiny town that shaped so much of European history. Allow 3 hrs. to take in all the stories and art on display.