By Bus

Bus transportation around San José is cheap—the fare is usually somewhere around C200 to C500—although the Alajuela/San José buses that run in from the airport cost C540. The most important buses are those running east along Avenida 2 and west along Avenida 3. The Sabana/Cementerio bus runs from Parque La Sabana to downtown and is one of the most convenient buses to use. You’ll find a bus stop for the outbound Sabana/Cementerio bus near the main post office on Avenida 3 near the corner of Calle 2, and another one on Calle 11 between avenidas Central and 1. This bus also has stops all along Avenida 2. San Pedro buses leave from the end of the pedestrian walkway on Avenida Central between calles 9 and 11, and take you out of downtown heading east.

You pay as you board the bus. The city’s bus drivers can make change, although they don’t like to receive large bills. Be especially mindful of your wallet, purse, or other valuables, because pickpockets often work the crowded buses.

By Taxi or Uber

Although taxis in San José have meters (marías), the drivers sometimes refuse to use them, particularly with foreigners, so you’ll occasionally have to negotiate the price. Always try to get them to use the meter first (say “Ponga la maría, por favor”). The official rate is C640 per kilometer ([bf]1/2 mile). If you have a rough idea of how far it is to your destination, you can estimate how much it should cost from this figure. Wait time is charged at C3,650 per hour, and is pro-rated for smaller increments.

Depending on your location, the time of day, and the weather (rain places taxis at a premium), it’s relatively easy to hail a cab downtown. You’ll always find taxis in front of the Teatro Nacional (albeit at high prices) and around the Parque Central at Avenida Central and Calle Central. Taxis in front of hotels and the El Pueblo tourist complex usually charge more than others, though this is technically illegal. Most hotels will gladly call you a cab, either for a downtown excursion or for a trip back out to the airport. Uber tends to be considerably cheaper than most taxis. However, the service is still in a legal gray area in San José, therefore there are not nearly as many cars as other cities.

On Foot

Downtown San José is very compact. Nearly every place you might want to go is within a 15[ts]4-block area. Because of traffic congestion, you’ll often find it faster to walk than to take a bus or taxi. Be careful when walking the streets any time of day or night. Flashy jewelry, loosely held handbags or backpacks, and expensive camera equipment tend to attract thieves. Avenida Central is a pedestrian-only street from calles 6 to 7, and has been redone with interesting paving stones and the occasional fountain in an attempt to create a comfortable pedestrian mall. A similar pedestrian-only walkway runs along Avenida 4, between calles 9 and 14.

By Train

San José has sporadic and minimal urban commuter train service, and it is geared almost exclusively to commuters. There are three major lines. One line connecting the western neighborhood of Pavas with the eastern suburb of San Pedro passes right through downtown, with prominent stops at, or near, the U.S. Embassy, Parque La Sabana, the downtown court area, and the Universidad de Costa Rica (University of Costa Rica) and Universidad Latina (Latin University). This train runs commuter hours roughly every hour between 5 and 8:30am and 4 and 7:30pm.

Another line runs between downtown San José and Heredia. This train runs roughly every 30 minutes between 5:30 and 8am, and 3:30 and 7:30pm.

And a third line runs between downtown San José and Cartago. This train runs roughly every 30 minutes between 6:30 and 8am, and between 3:30 and 7:30pm. This later route is potentially useful for tourists, but again, the train is predominantly for local commuters, and not geared toward tourists. You cannot purchase tickets in advance, and trains often fill up, leaving you waiting 30 minutes or more for the next train.
Fares range from C420 to C550, depending on the length of your ride.

By Car

It will cost you between $25 and $100 per day to rent a car in Costa Rica (the higher prices are for 4WD vehicles). Many car-rental agencies have offices at the airport. If not, they will usually either pick you up or deliver the car to any San José hotel. If you decide to pick up your rental car in downtown San José, be prepared for some very congested streets.

Car-Rental Advice: If you plan to rent a car, it’s best to reserve it in advance from home. All the major international agencies and many local companies have toll-free numbers and websites. Sometimes you can even save a bit on the cost by reserving in advance. Costa Rica’s car-rental fleet is not sufficient to meet demand during the high season, when rental rates run at a premium. Sometimes this allows agencies here to gouge last-minute shoppers.

Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.