Allow plenty of time before your trip to apply for a passport. Websites listed provide downloadable passport applications and list the current fees for processing passport applications. For an up-to-date, country-by-country listing of passport requirements around the world, go to the "Foreign Entry Requirement" Web page of the U.S. State Department at http://travel.state.gov.
Citizens of the United States, the E.U., the U.K., Canada, Australia, and New Zealand need only a valid passport and return ticket for a 90-day stay in South Africa. Upon entering S.A., you will automatically be given a free entry permit sticker. However, please note that under South Africa's Immigration Act of 2002, the passport must contain at least one unused page for endorsements. Visitors wanting to stay for a longer period will have to apply formally for a visa, as opposed to relying on the automatic entry permit. For more information, visit the South African Home Affairs Department website at http://home-affairs.pwv.gov.za.
To enter Botswana, a passport valid for 6 months, sufficient funds to finance your stay, and outgoing travel documents are required. Holders of U.S., Commonwealth, and most European passports do not require visas.
To enter Zimbabwe, U.S., Canadian, Australian, and New Zealand citizens are issued visas on arrival for US$30 (£15) single entry and US$45(£23) for multiple entry. All visitors require tickets of return or onward travel as well as sufficient funds to support their stay. Note that visa fees are subject to frequent changes due to diplomatic unease between the Zimbabwe government and many other states. You can also obtain your visa in advance for an additional fee, which will reduce the amount of time you need to spend at any border post; consult your travel agent in this regard or use Travel Document Systems, 925 15th St. NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20005 (tel. 202/638/3800; www.traveldocs.com).
A multiple-entry Zambian visa now costs U.S. visitors US$100 if purchased in advance from the embassy or at the point of entry; £45 if you are a U.K. citizen. You can avoid this, however, by booking in advance with an established travel operator or hotel/lodge located in Zambia; the operator or lodge should be able to arrange a "waived fee" visa for Zambia, provided your passport information is sent through at least 28 days prior to travel, you are arriving through Vic Falls, Kazungula, or Livingstone, spending at least 1 night in the Livingstone area, and not staying in the country longer than 14 days.
Note that day visitors to the Zambian side of Victoria Falls from Zimbabwe can purchase a US$10 (£5) day visa at the bridge.
Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.