Perched atop a hill overlooking the Verde River, this network of stone-walled rooms, of which a large system of walls of various heights remain, was built by the Sinagua people and inhabited between 1125 and 1400. The Sinagua, whose name is Spanish for “without water,” were traditionally dry-land farmers relying entirely on rainfall to water their crops. When the Hohokam, who had been living in the Verde Valley since a.d. 600, moved on to more fertile land around 1100, the Sinagua moved in. Their buildings progressed from individual homes called pit houses to the type of communal pueblo seen here at Tuzigoot. (“Tuzigoot” means “crooked water” in Apache.) An interpretive trail leads through the Tuzigoot ruins, explaining different aspects of Sinaguan life; inside the visitor center, a small museum displays many of the artifacts unearthed here. Desert plants, many of which were used by the Sinagua, are identified along the trail.