The Ghetto Defenders' Kibbutz, 3.2km (2 miles) north of Akko, was founded in 1949 by a small group of survivors of Jewish ghettos in Poland and Lithuania. Initially scattered in towns and refugee camps throughout Israel, they felt they could best rebuild their lives among others who had similar tragic memories as former partisans and participants in ghetto uprisings. The kibbutz flourished, and today their children and grandchildren manage the schools, factories, and beautiful orchards of this very symbolic community.
The Ghetto Fighters' House at Kibbutz Lohammei HaGetaot, the Museum of the Holocaust and Resistance, and Yad La Yeled, the Memorial and Museum of Children, together form Israel's second-largest memorial and museum of the Holocaust after Yad VaShem in Jerusalem. This complex, with its own archives and study programs, documents Jewish life in communities throughout Europe before and during the Holocaust. The complex contains a museum of writings, diaries, and artwork from the ghettos and concentration camps, and these detailed, very personal exhibits vividly inform about the ghetto uprisings and the destruction of Jewish communities, including those in Holland, Saloniki, Vilna, and Hungary. Among the many models and installations is a replica of the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam. Especially moving are the paintings and drawings done by children. The museum is the center for an international education program designed to teach about the Holocaust, in the hope that such knowledge will help prevent such cruelties from being permitted in the future.