The cathedral of Augsburg has the distinction of containing the oldest stained-glass windows in the world. These severe but colorful panels, dating from the 12th century, are in the south transept and depict Old Testament prophets. They are younger than the cathedral itself, which was begun in 944, partially Gothicized in the 14th century, later redone in the Baroque style, and remade with neo-Gothic elements in the 19th century, when many of the cathedral’s artworks, including an altarpiece by Hans Holbein the Elder, were acquired to augment the Gothic ambiance.

The original 11th-century bronze doors, adorned with bas-reliefs of a mixture of biblical and mythological characters, are in the adjacent Diözesanmuseum St. Afra tel. 0821/3166333;, open Tuesday to Saturday 10am to 5pm and Sunday noon to 6pm. Admission is 4€ for adults, and 3€ for children and students.