An ideal complement to the Palais des Papes’ architectural austerity, this museum’s artworks were originally part of a collection belonging to 19th-century art lover Giampietro Campania. As a quirk of history, the palace was nationalized and sold off during the French Revolution, and became a secondary school, before reopening as a museum in the 1970s. Today the museum exhibits a myriad of paintings from the Italian and Provençal schools of the 13th to 16th centuries. Botticelli’s Madonna with Child is a particular highlight.