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This quiet little plaza is one of the few spots in the city to bear witness to Barcelona’s suffering during the Civil War. Pockmarks on the facade of the San Felipe Neri church recall the Nationalist bombs that fell here on January 30, 1938. Twenty children and 22 adults who were taking refuge in the church cellars were killed. The fall of Barcelona took place 10 weeks later, when Franco and his forces dropped 44 tons of bombs on the civilian population. Franco saw himself as uniting the country. Many Catalans still see it as genocide.