Zoologischer Garten Berlin, founded in 1844, is Germany'??s oldest zoo. It occupies almost the entire southwest corner of the Tiergarten. Until World War II, the zoo boasted thousands of animals -- ??many were familiar to Berliners by nickname. By the end of 1945, however, only 91 had survived. Today, more than 13,000 animals live here, many of them in large, open natural habitats. The most valuable residents are the giant pandas. The zoo also has Europeâ??s most modern birdhouse, with more than 550 species.
The aquarium is as impressive as the adjacent zoo, with more than 9,000 species of fish, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and other creatures. Crocodiles, Komodo dragons, and tuataras inhabit the terrarium within. You can walk on a bridge over the reptile pit. There'??s also a large collection of snakes, lizards, and turtles. The glass-roofed "??hippoquarium"? is yet another attraction.