The monks of the order of St. Anthony who built this hospice complex in 1360 wore the Greek letter “T” (tau) on their cloaks as a symbol of a crutch, in keeping with their dedication to caring for the sick and crippled. They hired Florentine Niccolò di Tommaso to cover every inch of their chapel with frescoes of Stories from the Old Testament (upper register and vaults; a scene of a terribly dejected Adam and Eve being banished from the Garden of Eden is especially moving); Stories from the New Testament (middle register); and Life of St. Anthony Abbot (lower register); and facing the door, a huge Last Judgment. The chapel came into private hands centuries ago and the frescoes were covered with whitewash and somewhat clumsily restored. What remains hints at their one-time color and vibrancy. Scenes from the life of St. Anthony—who though of noble birth lived as a hermit in the deserts of Egypt and is considered to be the founder on monasticism—include revealing vignettes of the works of his hospital’s monks in the Middle Ages. The frescoes now surround giant bronze equestrian statues and nudes by Pistoia-born sculptor Marino Marini (1901–80).