Even before assuming its new role as capital, Eisenstadt was renowned as the place where the great composer Franz Josef Haydn lived and worked while under the patronage of the Esterházys. For a good part of his life (1732-1809), Haydn divided his time between Eisenstadt and Esterházy Castle in Hungary. Prince Esterházy eventually gave the composer his own orchestra and a concert hall in which to perform.

In September, the Haydn Days festival presents an ongoing roster of the composer's works at various venues throughout town -- the castle, local churches, parks -- when the weather is good.

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