Hlebine is famous for the naive art movement fostered by a group of 1930s peasant painters collectively known as the Hlebine School. Like the American artist known as Grandma Moses, artists from the Hlebine School portray the landscapes and people of the area in a straightforward, even crude way, depicting everyday activities and relationships with bold humor and even bolder imagery. Much art typical of this movement uses oil on glass as the medium, a technique that produces vivid color and great detail.

The town of Durdevac, about 24km (15 miles) south of Hlebine, also has galleries dedicated to naive art, but Durdevac is better known for its Picoki legend, a story about the rooster that saved Durdevac.