All those who came, saw, and conquered in Palermo left their mark on this cathedral, an architectural pastiche that lies somewhere between exquisite and eyesore. It is, however, noble enough as befits the final resting place of Roger II, the first king of Sicily, who died in 1154, and other Norman–Swabian royalty. Neapolitan architect Ferdinando Fuga began a restoration in 1771 in an all-encompassing neoclassical style, adding a cupola that sticks out like a sore thumb on the original Norman design. You can still pick out some of the original elements: four impressive bell towers from the 14th century; the middle portal from the 15th century; and the south and north porticos from the 15th and 16th centuries.