All overseas flights from North America and Europe arrive at Lima's Jorge Chávez International Airport (tel. 01/517-3502; www.lap.com.pe; airport code LIM). Major international airlines from North and South America, Europe and Asia all fly to Lima.
In Peru, it's very important to reconfirm airline tickets in advance. For local flights, reconfirm 48 hours in advance; for international flights, reconfirm 72 hours before traveling (and be sure to arrive at the airport a minimum of 2 hr. in advance). The airport tax on domestic flights is $6, and $31 on international flights. The tax must be paid -- in cash only (either in U.S. or Peruvian Nuevos Soles) -- before boarding.
You can travel overland to Peru through Ecuador, Bolivia, or Chile. Although the journey isn't short, Lima can be reached from major neighboring cities. If traveling from Quito or Guayaquil, you'll pass through the major northern coastal cities on the way to Lima. From Bolivia, there is frequent service from La Paz and Copacabana to Puno and then on to Cusco. From Chile, most buses travel from Arica to Tacna, making connections to either Arequipa or Lima.
The most common overland trip to Peru from a neighboring country is from La Paz, Bolivia, to Puno, on the banks of Lake Titicaca (which is partly in Peru and partly in Bolivia). The trip is about a 5-hour direct ride. Ormeño (tel. 01/472-5000; www.grupo-ormeno.com.pe) travels to La Paz as well as Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Chile, and Argentina.