• Museu da Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (Lisbon; tel. 21/782-30-00; Its namesake was an Armenian oil czar, Calouste Gulbenkian (1869-1955), whose fortune derived from a 5% royalty on most of the oil pumped out of Iraq. His eclectic collections of Asian and European sculpture, paintings, antique coins, carpets, and furniture are on display in a modern compound in a lush garden.
  • Museu Nacional dos Coches (Lisbon; tel. 21/361-08-50): Founded by Queen Amélia in 1904, when the horse-drawn buggy was becoming obsolete, this museum is located on the premises of the riding school of the Palácio do Belém (the official home of the Portuguese president). It contains dozens of magnificent state carriages, some decorated with depictions of Portugal's maritime discoveries.
  • Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga (Lisbon; tel. 21/391-28-00; In the 1830s, the power of many of Portugal's fabulously wealthy monasteries was violently curbed. Many of the monasteries' art treasures, including the country's best collection of Portuguese primitives, as well as gold and silver plates crafted from raw materials mined in India, are displayed at the 17th-century palace of the counts of Alvor.
  • Museu de Marinha (Lisbon; tel. 21/362-00-19; The most important maritime museum in the world -- a rich tribute to Portugal's Age of Exploration -- is in the west wing of the Jerónimos Monastery. The thousands of displays include royal galleons dripping with gilt and ringed with depictions of saltwater dragons and sea serpents.
  • Note: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.