All the park's backcountry hiking and camping opportunities are in the Rincon Mountain District (the eastern section), which includes the 59,930-acre Rincon Mountain Wilderness. Varying considerably in elevation, this area contains both hot desert sprinkled with saguaro and other cacti, and relatively cool forests of pine and mixed conifer. The main routes into the backcountry are the Douglas Spring Trailhead and Tanque Verde Ridge trail head, which are discussed above. From these two trails, you have access to more than 100 miles of trails, as well as the park's six backcountry campgrounds. Dirt roads lead to several other trail heads; check with park rangers for directions and current conditions. Rangers strongly suggest that those going into the backcountry carry topographical maps, which can be purchased at either visitor center. Backcountry camping requires a permit.

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