On one of the pedestrian side streets of the Graben, the Jewish Museum's permanent exhibitions trace the major role that Jews played in the history of Vienna from the middle ages to the present day. Extraordinary contributions of members of the Jewish community in areas like philosophy, music, and medicine are documented, and of course Freud's psychiatry. The museum's collection includes many objects rescued from Vienna's private synagogues and prayer houses, concealed from the Nazis throughout the war. Seeing the stories of the rich Jewish culture before WWII sheds a different light on the tragedy of the Holocaust for many, as Vienna was home to 185,000 Jews before 1938 and in 1946, only 25,000 remained, many of them emigrating soon thereafter. It has taken a long time for the Jewish community to become established again and thrive as is displayed in the permanent exhibit "Unsere Stadt" (Our City), which opened in 2014, tracing Jewish life and influences on the city from 1945 to today. Changing exhibits highlight eras or conflicts in the Jewish community, like "Jewish Vienna and Richard Wagner," investigating the antisemitic composer's influence on the city, or "Amy Winehouse: A Family Portrait" highlighting the religious traditions and home life of the recently deceased pop singer (in cooperation with the Jewish Museum of London).