The new museum building for this well-established collection of artifacts opened in 2011 next door to the 1505 palace that had hosted the museum for more than a century. The site was originally a Roman amphitheater, and intact portions of the theater were found and have been revealed in the basement of the new structure. This museum chronicles life in and around Córdoba since the first Neandertals came to the area 300,000 years ago. Those first residents left no artifacts of note, but more recent inhabitants did. Displays of tools and household items begin with Copper and Bronze Age cultures, followed by Phoenician and Greek artifacts, Iberian statuary (circa 500 b.c.), and extensive Roman materials. The Moorish artifacts, of course, are legion. The old home of the museum is closed until further notice, pending an improvement in the economy that will allow restoration.