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Devils Tower National Monument

Devils Tower, Wyoming

TYPE: Natural Attraction Natural Attraction
AGE: All Ages

I knew my kids would love the scene in Close Encounters of the Third Kind when Richard Dreyfuss starts sculpting Devils Tower out of mashed potatoes. Spielberg sure picked the right natural landing pad for his alien spaceship to make contact with earthlings -- there is something otherworldly about this stark monolith rising out of the Wyoming pines and prairies. The Northern Plains Indians called it Bears Lodge, and it has sacred meanings for them too. Even seeing a picture of it is unforgettable, but visiting Devils Tower in person -- well, that's more special than you'd imagine.

Time for a geology lesson. Devils Tower is what's known as an igneous intrusion, meaning that it's a column of rock hardened by molten lava that seeped long ago into a vein of sedimentary rock. A shallow sea once covered this part of the Great Plains, and most of the rock is soft sedimentary stuff like red sandstone and siltstone, with a little shale mixed in. The flat-topped cone that became Devils Tower used to be under that sea, but once the waters had receded, centuries of erosion gradually wore away the softer rock around the igneous cone, leaving it exposed. Today the cone thrusts 1,267 feet above the surrounding pine trees and prairie grasslands. That flat top no doubt gave Spielberg the idea of an extraterrestrials' spaceport; a parachutist did land on top in 1941, drawing great publicity -- especially because he then had to figure out how to get down! Vertical cracks groove the sides of the tower in almost parallel columns, giving it its distinctive furrowed look. It's well-nigh irresistible for climbers, although you must register at the visitor center before attempting to ascend and follow strict regulations about bolts and drills. In deference to the Native American reverence for this sacred place, the park's staff urges climbers to voluntarily forego climbing in June, a month with many religious ceremonies for the local tribes.

For most of us, the best way to experience Devils Tower is to take the 1.3-mile paved Tower Trail that circles around the base. It's very kid-friendly, being mostly flat (after a steep climb at the start), with benches and interpretive stations along the way. Take your time walking so that you can examine this rugged pinnacle from every angle and in different lights. Bring sketchbooks and try to draw its stern majesty. And don't be surprised if the kids start mounding their mashed potatoes at dinner that night, tracing ridges on the sides with their forks . . .

While you're here, kids shouldn't miss the prairie dog towns on the park's east road, where black-tailed prairie dogs scamper about, popping in and out of their subterranean condos. You came out here to see the West -- well, this is about as Western as it gets.

Nearest Airport: Gillette–Campbell County, 40 miles.

Where to Stay: $$ Hotel Alex Johnson, 523 6th St., Rapid City, SD (tel. 800/888-2539 or 605/342-1210; www.alexjohnson.com). $$ Sylvan Lake Lodge, 24572 SD 87 (at SD 89), Custer, SD (tel. 888/875-0001 or 605/574-2561; www.custerresorts.com).

Telephone: 307/467-5283

Website: www.nps.gov/deto
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Destination Guide: Devils Tower National Monument, WY